According to him, changing the environment the individual is in and changing his way of thinking would lead to a change in his behavior, and therefore in his personality traits also change according to that specific situation. Instinct theory behavior patterns are genetically transmitted. The study of personality began with hippocrates theory of humorism, which argued that personality traits are based on four separate temperaments associated. Each dwarf has a distinct and dominant personality trait.
The theory is harder to apply to a more severe type of disorder. Some theories focus on explaining how personality develops while others are concerned with individual differences in personality. Freud said that personality is divided into 3 parts, id, ego, and superego. Theories of personality ppt video online download slideplayer. Its such a complex beast that no one theory has explained why we think and behave the way we do. Learn more about the four major perspectives of personality, the theorist associated with each theory and the core ideas that are central to each perspective. This viewpoint sees traits as having the same psychological meaning in everyone. He categorised people on the basis of four body humours and prominent personality characteristics associated with them such as. Trait theories of personality trait theories of personality personality traits a personality trait is a personality characteristic that endures lasts over time and across different situations. Humanistic theory people act out of the desire for growth and fulfillment beyond basic survival needs. Characteristics, factors, roles, theories of personality personality is a patterned body of habits, traits, attitudes, and ideas of an individuals, as these are organized externally into roles and statues and as they relate internally to motivation, goals, and various aspects of selfhood. Introduction to personality boundless psychology lumen learning. Sociocultural theory individual needs and motives are influenced by culture and society. The following are just a few of the major theories of personality proposed by different psychologists.
Seminaroverview personality trait and type approaches trait theories type theories dynamic approaches psychoanalytical theories. Theories of personality provides a comprehensive foundation on the nature of personality theory, as well as its contributions to science. Other theories, such as the five factor model, take a trait theory approach, seeking to understand personality in terms of specific attitudes and types of behavior. Drive reduction theory people act to reduce drives and their associated tensions.
In this article, we look at the theories and models which have shaped our understanding of human personality. In contrast with psychoanalytical theories and strict. Allport suggested that there are 3 kinds of traits. Attempt to learn what traits make up personality and how they relate to actual behavior psychodynamic theories. Personality theories of cattell and eysenck duration. Lets talk about another theory of personality called the humanistic theory. A personality trait is a durable disposition to behave in a particular way in a.
Personality an individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting, across time and situations. Ppt theories of personality powerpoint presentation. Download theories of personality psy 235 theories of. Schultz, sydney ellen schultz at the beginning of each chapter on each personality theory, schultz quotes a short biography, along with specific notes from the author, and at the end of each chapter, under the heading of the final commentary, evaluates each theory with a. Feb 10, 2014 the uploader spent hisher valuable time to create this theories of personality development powerpoint presentation slides, to share hisher useful content with the world. Focused on concepts such as the collective unconscious, archetypes. Trait scores are continuous quantitative variables. The structure of personality freuds psychoanalysis. Introduction practically all personality theorists are concerned with traits. For rotter, personality and behavior can always be altered. This approach tends to use selfreport personality questions, factor analysis, etc. Theories of personality development powerpoint presentation. Jan 28, 2019 personality sits at the center of how we perceive and interact with the world.
Personality and types of personalities authorstream. A number of different theories have emerged to explain different aspects of personality. This theory is based on the belief that man is encouraged more by. The four main personality theories are the following. Personality an individuals unique and relatively consistent patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving. A theory is a simple model of reality that helps us understand, explain, predict and deal with reality. Coverage of each theory encompasses a biographical sketch of each theorist, related research, and applications to real life. Then, students will identify those concepts in the movie mean girls 2004. Sigmund freud carl rogers alfred adler jung and adler were neofreudians, who used some freudian ideas but developed many ideas of their own. Sigmund freuds psychodynamic theory of personality assumes there is an interaction between nature innate instincts and nurture parental influences. The four main theories of personality are the psychoanalytic, trait, humanistic and social cognition approaches. The 4 major personality perspectives and theories verywell mind. The word personality originates from the latin persona, which means mask.
Emphasized the social elements of personality development. Hall, was an american psychologist who studied in the fields of dream research and analysis. Powerpoint is the worlds most popular presentation software which can let you create professional theories of personality development powerpoint presentation easily and in no time. Other traits of personality self monitoring and self esteem duration. Focus on private, subjective experience and personal growth socialcognitive theories. Recently, psychologists have attempted to study personality in their own way.
By manjiri shanbhag psychoanalytic theory this theory was developed by sigmund freud, in his 40 years of writing and clinical practice he developed the first comprehensive personality theory a method for treating neurotic ills, and an extensive body of clinical observations based on his therapeutic experiences and selfanalysis freud associated the mind as an iceberg. Personality development is guided by the family and its conflicts. By manjiri shanbhag psychoanalytic theory this theory was developed by sigmund freud, in his 40 years of writing and clinical practice he developed the first comprehensive personality theory a method for treating neurotic ills, and an extensive body of clinical observations based on his therapeutic experiences and selfanalysis freud associated the mind as an. Psychoanalytic, trait, humanistic, and socialcognitive. It is important to know what specific personality predispositions influence work behaviors. Introductionevaluating theories of personality chapter 1. Ppt theories of personality powerpoint presentation free. Gardner lindzey is the author of theories of personality, 4th edition, published by wiley. Simply, the personality is the typical behavior of a person in which he responds to the given situations. Personality theories traits theory the traditional approach of understanding personality was to identify and describe personality in terms of traits.
We have some theories that explain an individuals personality. Theories of personality and approaches to psychotherapy are unavoidably linked. Sociocultural factors of ethnicity, gender, culture and socioeconomic status are internalized and affect all of us and touch many aspects of personality without. The earliest attempt to categories personality was made by hippocrates 400 bc. This helps you give your presentation on theories of personality development in a conference, a school lecture, a business proposal, in a webinar and business and professional representations. Focus on the inner workings of personality, especially internal conflicts and struggles humanistic theories. A person is given a numeric score to indicate how much of a trait they possess. Trait theory comprehend individuals by breaking down behavior patterns into perceptible traits psychodynamic theory emphasizes the unconscious determinants of behavior. Now, all these theories of personality are not mutually exclusive. These theories are sometimes referred to a psychometric theories, because of their emphasis on measuring personality by using psychometric tests. Personality theory attempt to describe and explain how people are similar, how they are different, and why every individual is unique. This theory is based on the belief that man is encouraged more by unforeseen forces than the conscious and logical thought.
But before i begin, i have to give you a little caveat. Behaviourist theories of personality skinner and rotter. Each of the personality theories covered in the textbook has yielded a corresponding approach to counseling or therapy. These theories all deal with the origin and development of personality traits and. Schultz, sydney ellen schultz at the beginning of each chapter on each personality theory, schultz quotes a short biography, along with specific notes from the author, and at the end of each chapter, under the heading of the final commentary, evaluates each theory with a critical perspective. Theories of personality view of the causes and motives underlying personality and personality development 1. Personality sits at the center of how we perceive and interact with the world. A freudian slip is when you mean one thing and say your mother. If youre looking for a free download links of theories of personality psy 235 theories of personality pdf, epub, docx and torrent then this site is not for you. The history of personality theory and assessment 5 the environment in which a child is raised determines intelligence, temperament, and other personality characteristics of that child.
Sigmund freud, founder of psychoanalytic theory and psychoanalysis. In summary, our personality is a function of both heredity and other external factors that shape it. Personality can be defined as a dynamic and organized set of characteristics possessed by a person that uniquely influences his or her cognitions, motivations, and behaviors in various situations. The personality refers to the distinct traits, thoughts, feelings, actions and characteristics of an individual that differentiates him from other individuals. Trait theories of personality imply personality is biologically based, whereas state theories such as banduras 1977 social learning theory emphasize the role of nurture and environmental influence. Theories and terminology of personality psychology verywell mind. Simply put, the particular way we understand people leads to a particular way of trying to help them when they are psychologically unhealthy. The uploader spent hisher valuable time to create this theories of personality development powerpoint presentation slides, to share hisher useful content with the world.
Learn about personality psychology with an explanation of the theories and important figures in the study of personality. Displaying feist theories of personality powerpoint presentations chapter 14 theories of personality ppt presentation summary. Personality and its theories management consulting courses. Theories of personality personality is an individuals unique constellation of consistent behavioral traits.410 1355 439 324 394 56 1042 721 1254 481 1017 1465 752 124 1047 1020 566 1252 1247 849 1491 657 633 7 106 343 627 149 175 127