Ayatollah khomeini simple english wikipedia, the free. An iranian religious leader and politician, and leader of the iranian revolution which saw the overthrow of mohammad reza pahlavi. Ayatollah ruhollah khomeini full name sayyid ruhollah musavi khomeini farsi. During their rule they extensively invited, and received, a steady. Wallace s memorable exchanges was a 1979 interview with irans ayatollah ruhollah khomeini shortly after his followers seized the u. Khomeini became the countrys supreme leadera position created in the constitution as the highest ranking political and religious authority of the nationuntil his death. In addition to his political pursuits, he is known to have authored more than forty books in his lifetime. Mike wallace, the cbs news correspondent, was in california when the call came in. Khomeini s family had immigrated to the city of najaf in iraq for religious studies and his father, who was also a clergyman, moved to khomein to start his ministry. Khomeini was an embodiment of tradition am ong shia. The little green book is a collection of fatawah handed down by the most prominent and arguably one of the most influential muslim clerics in modern history. Upon his return, he was greeted by crowds of millions, and within 10 days the revolution would be successful.
The position of women from the viewpoint of imam khomeini. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Ayatollah ruhollah khomeini, 78, was imprisoned by the shah in 1963 for his opposition to reforms and was expelled the following year, to iraq via turkey. With the help of the above observations, the greatness of imam khomeinis action in reviving the true identity of muslim women can be seen, and the luminosity of his thought demonstrated. Aug 31, 20 this feature is not available right now. Following the revolution and a national referendum, khomeini became the countrys supreme leadera position created in the constitution as the highest ranking political and religious authority of the nationuntil his death. The changing face of islam 27 course theory focusses on. Khomeini was a marja or marja altaqlid source of emulation, also known as a grand ayatollah in twelver shia islam, but is most famous for his political role. Educated in islam at home and in theological schools, in the 1950s he was designated ayatollah, a supreme religious leader, in the iranian shiite community. The ayatollah went as far as to call on every so called good muslim man in the world to kill the writer. The message, delivered in a telephone call to new york late last week by an aide to ayatollah ruhollah khomeini.
Ayatollah khomeini biography childhood, life achievements. Khomeini s father married once and had six children three sons and three daughters. Where sources like wikipedia write his name as khomeini. Hed later take his hometown as his surname and be understood by his more wellknown moniker, ruhollah khomeini. Vladimir putin, ayatollah ruhollah khomeini, ku klux klan leader eldon edwards. Literally meaning the supreme guardianjurisconsult, it is a position that was put forward by ayatollah khomeini to embody his belief that it is religiously mandated for shia clerics to rule in the political arena. Online books about this author are available, as is a wikipedia article khomeini, ruhollah. The ayatollah ruhollah musavi khomeini was the central actor of the 1979 islamic revolution in iran, and one of the truly transformational men of history. Fatawah the plural of fatwah are islamic religious decrees sent down by muslim religious leaders.
A critical introduction to khomeini edited by arshin adib. Ayatollah ruhollah khomeini questia online library. Attempt to identify and collect all books, magazines or articles written across the world about imam khomeini and islamic revolution. The institute for compilation and publication of imam khomeini s works international affairs department place of publication.
Jul 24, 2012 we cut together two tapes in our archive featuring wallace telling the story of one of the defining moments of his career. How good or bad was ayatollah khomeini as a leader and. Grand ayatollah ruhollah khomeini news photos wiki. Khomeini had been a prominent opponent of mohammad reza shah pahlavi, who had fled the country during the events of the iranian revolution. When the ayatollah khomeini burst onto the international scene in the late 1970s, radical islam became a factor of political life that would change the world. Ayatollah khomeini was the leader of the islamic republic of iran in 1979 and was later named the eternal religious and political leader of iran. Aug 04, 1987 following are excerpts from speeches by irans leader, ayatollah ruhollah khomeini, to moslems making the pilgrimage, or hajj, to mecca. His active opposition to the shah, his theories of islamic governance, and his networking while in exile helped foster the islamic republic in 1979 and earn him the position of irans leader until his death in 1989. How good or bad was ayatollah khomeini as a leader.
Cambridge core middle east history a critical introduction to khomeini edited by arshin adibmoghaddam. For 10 days she waited in the holy city of qum for her interview with the 79year. Khomeinis the little green book by ayatollah khomeini. I have been trying to place these quotes in the article and roozbeh repetedly is deleating them. Islamic government by ayatollah ruhollah khomeini analysis by george carpozi, manor books, dec. The ayatollah arabic, reflection of allah ruhollah khomeini became leader of iran in 1979 by forcing the overthrow of the shah and prime minister shahpur bakhtiar. The twentytwo proofs for the guardianship authority of the jurist in imam khomeini s islamic governance. Ayatollah khomeinis political theory and public interest mohsen kadivar duke university ayatollah khomeini 190289 was one of the most influential muslim leaders in the 20th century and one of the most significant shiite figures in history. Ayatollah ruhollah khomeini mideastweb for coexistence. Ayatollah ruhollah khomeini biography famous people biographies. Imam ayatollah seyed ruhollah musavi khomeini may 17, 1900 june 3, 1989 was a muslim cleric and marja, and the political leader of the 1979 islamic revolution of iran which overthrew mohammad reza pahlavi, the last shah of iran. Khomeini was a marja source of emulation, also known as a grand ayatollah in twelver shia islam and like other senior shia clerics has written many books, but is most famous for his. Bette davis, barbra streisand, shirley maclaine, eleanor roosevelt.
Ayatollah ruhollah khomeini was forced out of iran in 1964 after repeatedly lambasting the shah of iran, mohammad reza shah pahlavi, for his westernization measures and ties to the united states and israel. Life of the ayatollah by baqer moin in his epic book, that took him ten years to complete, baqer takes us on the comprehensively written journey of a man named rohullah khomeini, and shows us how one man and god, can change the course of history. This view justified the religious nature of the revolution. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. American newspaper time awarded ayatollah khomeini with the man of the year title in 1979 for his international influence. It isnt until the fifth paragraph we are told that grand ayatollah is a title and that ruhollah khomeini is generally referred to as ayatollah khomeini except by. Imam saw for himself how the fossilised ideas of his generation viewed. Discount prices on books by ruhollah khomeini, including titles like discourse on patience. The us and the west at the time demonised him, while irans regime set up a personality cult and a repressive dictatorship based around him. Well, answering this objectively could be a milliondollar question for outside observers and even a challenging one for iranians who know something about him. Credit gabriel duvalagence francepresse getty images irans. While in exile in france, the ayatollah fomented opposition against the shah, calling for general strikes, and turning public opinion in his favor. Harmon, ayatollah ruhollah khomeini, chelsea house publishers, philadelphie, 2005 isbn 0 79107865. Mike wallace on his interview with the ayatollah khomeini.
Sayings of the ayatollah khomeini if one commits an act of sodomy with a cow, a ewe, or a camel, their urine and their excrements become impure, and even their milk may no longer be consumed. Khomeini himself is termed ruhollah moosavi khomeini. Suivez toute lactualite sur ayatollah khomeiny, et retrouvez les dernieres informations dans les articles du point. Ayatollah ruhollah khomeini biography famous people. And when a khomeini is mentioned in the subsequent text, they might wonder if it refers to ruhollah khomeini or ayatollah khomeini. Ali khamenei est elu guide supreme a vie par lassemblee des experts. Ayatollah khomeiny tous les articles sur ayatollah khomeiny le. List of books and articles about ayatollah ruhollah khomeini. Ruhollah khomeini, iranian shii cleric who led the revolution that overthrew the shah in 1979. We begin with the bestknown work of imam khomeini, his lectures on islamic government, and then proceed to offer a selection of his speeches and declarations, which, chronologically arranged, form an outline documentary history of the islamic revolution. Ayatollah ruhollah khomeini, who died saturday at age 86, was an austere and uncompromising shiite moslem religious leader who overthrew the shah of iran, humiliated the united states, waged a.
Ayatollah khomeinis political theory and public interest. Ruhollah khomeinis ancestors migrated towards the end of the 18th century from their original home in nishapur, khorasan province, in northeastern part of iran, for a short stay, to the kingdom of awadh a region in the modern state of uttar pradesh, india whose rulers were twelver shia muslims of also nishapur origin. In 1903, only five months after khomeini s arrival, his dad, seyed moustafa hindi, was killed. Shiite islam originated as a political movement supporting ali cousin and sonin. Ruhollah khomeini s ancestors migrated towards the end of the 18th century from their original home in nishapur, khorasan province, in northeastern part of iran, for a short stay, to the kingdom of awadh a region in the modern state of uttar pradesh, india whose rulers were twelver shia muslims of also nishapur origin. Jan 29, 2010 in 1980, bantam books published an unauthorised paperback entitled the little green book. Khomeini, ayatollah ruhollah article about khomeini. Israel considered request to kill khomeini, says former mossad agent.
Upitn 1 2 79 departure of the ayatollah khomeini for iran duration. Translation of the works of imam khomeini in different languages in terms of the needs, type and nature of each work. The controversial book was considered blasphemous by khomeini and many other muslims. The revolution placed iran at the forefront of middle east politics and. Born in khomein, iran on may 27, 1900, the son of an ayatollah of the shiite sect, he studied theology and by 1962 was one of the six grand ayatollahs of irans shiite muslims. Translated into farsi, the book is called tahrirolvasyleh. Khomeini s grandson hossein khomeini, son of seyyed mustafa khomeini, is a midlevel cleric who is strongly against the system of the islamic republic and has been quoted as saying. Khomein was the political leader of the islamic revolution in 1979.
On 1 february 1979 ayatollah ruhollah khomeini, returned to iran after 14 years in political exile. Explore some of ayatollah ruhollah khomeini best quotations and sayings on such as some people insist on disguising this great satan as the savior angel. With the help of the above observations, the greatness of imam khomeini s action in reviving the true identity of muslim women can be seen, and the. Mike wallace discusses his interview with ayatollah khomeini emmytvlegends duration. The speeches, broadcast on the teheran radio late last week. Khomeini s grandson seyyed hassan khomeini, son of the late seyyed ahmad khomeini, is also a cleric and the trustee of khomeini s shrine. A critical introduction to khomeini as the architect of the iranian revolution of 1979, ayatollah ruhollah khomeini remains one of the most inspirational and enigmatic fi gures of the twentieth century. His actual birth place and life before the revolution has been obscured for political reasons. Establishing relations with cultural centers outside of the. Ruhollah khomeini books list of books by ruhollah khomeini. Following the revolution, imam khomeini became grand leader of iran the paramount figure in the political. Ayatollah khomeini is the youngest of these six children. Excerpts from khomeini speeches the new york times.
This book, islamic government, is one of the most influential works of imam khomeini. Governance of jurisprudence by ayatollah khomeini, univ. This is hard to answer and is not as cut and dried as propaganda leads us to believe. Mike wallace s interview with frank snepp about his book. He spent the last few months of his exile in france, near paris, from where he coordinated the revolution in. Irans ruhollah khomeini, a man who shook the world. These are followed by two interviews that imam khomeini granted me. Following his appointment as ayatollah, khomeini worked to take away the shah from power for his associations together with the west. Khomeini s criticisms of reza shah pahlevi led to his exile in 1964. The leader of the iranian revolution in 1989, ayatollah ruhollah khomeini, wrote extensively on islamic jurisprudence. The revolution placed iran at the forefront of middle east politics and the islamic revival.
Ruhollah mostafavi musavi khomeini persian, 24 september 1902 3 june 1989, known in the west as ayatollah khomeini, was an iranian religious leader and politician, and leader of the 1979 iranian revolution which saw the overthrow of mohammad reza pahlavi, the shah of iran. Khomein was the political leader of the islamic revolution in 1979 khomeini was also a poet. Internationally, he held the title of grand ayatollah while in iran, he was popularly referred to as imam khomeini. Sayings of the ayatollah khomeini, hastily compiled in the aftermath of the revolution. Ayatollah ruhollah khomeini descending from the air france plane that took him to tehran in 1979 after 15 years in exile. Ayatollah khomeini was born sayyed ruhollah mustafavi khomeini, 24 september 1902 in khomein, central iran then persia, and died 3 june 1989 persian. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Khomeini is known as imam khomeini inside iran and amongst in world ayatollah khomeini.522 194 627 1116 1124 677 437 888 1184 596 790 970 905 1276 579 401 349 1241 1258 1 498 756 389 552 830 332 9 729 940 759 882